A balcony is a platform usually projecting from the wall of a building, which is either supported by columns, brackets or hidden structural metalwork.
As they are usually situated above ground to create further floor space, a balcony is enclosed with a balustrade to prevent falls from height.
A balcony can be fabricated from a variety of materials to suit the style and design of a new or existing property. At Canal, we can recommend the best materials to use for your balcony depending on the design you choose.
Glass is usually the popular choice as it provides uninterrupted views across a garden, property or land. However, other materials are also available such as mild steel, stainless steel and timber, which can be treated or coated to protect their surface in all weather conditions.
Balconies are chosen according to their installation method on to a property:
Protruding or Cantilevered Balconies
A protruding or cantilevered balcony is the most common design found on a property. The balcony is constructed so it protrudes from the face of a building without any visible supports or fixings.
Once installed the end result can be very aesthetically pleasing, however this design requires a great deal of structural accuracy and will impose larger point loads on a building.
Canal is able to survey an existing building or work with a new build design to ensure the balconies are structurally sound and will not damage the building in the long term.
Cantilevered balconies are often made to a maximum depth of 1800mm. The smaller the depth, the less movement you can expect. Being cantilevered there is always a possibility of movement or ‘bounce’, so we make sure there is an appropriate structure in place to cater for this, to make the user more comfortable.
Balconette or Juliet Balconies
A balconette or Juliet balcony, which has been aptly named after Shakespeare’s Juliet, does not protrude out of the building. It is usually part of an upper floor, with a balustrade only at the front.
Modern Juliet balconies often involve a metal or glass balustrade panel, which is placed in front of a large window that can be opened.
This is the easiest installation method, especially on existing buildings.
Hanging or Hung Balconies
A hanging balcony is one that looks similar to the cantilever structure but has steel cables that are fixed to the walls of the building providing its support.
This design is not as common as the cantilevered design as the supports interrupt the eye line when standing or sitting on the balcony.
A terrace is technically not a balcony but it is a common feature to have on a property. The terrace structure is a part of the building and is usually seen as the flat roof of a property, which has 2 or more stories.
There are various ways to fix balustrade to a building to create a safe and secure edge. Two popular installation methods we use at Canal are;
A channel for balustrade panels to be installed into
Balustrade panels to be side fixed on to the face of the building