UK Staircase Regulations

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A tailor made staircase is the structural masterpiece of a property or commercial space. The perfect design solution should incorporate all the elements of style, practicality and safety. A staircase design should not only look aesthetically pleasing but also be safe to use – that’s why it’s imperative your staircase complies with current building regulations.

Designing and building a unique staircase can be tough and the current UK building regulations can make this task even more challenging. Whether you’re replacing an existing staircase or incorporating an entirely new design into a property, it’s important to consider the following regulations.

Staircase regulations.

Staircase regulations are generally covered by one or more of the following documents:

No matter what staircase design you prefer, you must ensure they comply with the current building regulations outlined in the government publications highlighted above. Given the safety implications of a new structure it’s important to follow these regulations as a legal requirement.

  • Firstly, you need to start by measuring the total rise (to help determine what size your staircase needs to be) these are measurements from the finished floor below to the finished floor level above.

When thinking about your staircase design solution you need to be aware of the following:

  • The rise needs to fall between 150mm and 220mm (domestic) or 150mm and 170mm (commercial)
  • The maximum angle of a domestic stair should be no more than 42° and commercial stairs no than 34°
  • The going between nosing to nosing must fall between 220mm and 300mm (domestic) or 250mm and 400mm (commercial) Spiral and helical stairs differ from these values
  • Handrails on stairs and landings should have a minimum height of 900mm
  • A minimum of 2,000mm of clear headroom is required vertical above the pitch line

Maximum width & length of staircases

  • There is no maximum width of commercial staircase but they must be split into sections no wider than 2000mm, including adding an extra handrail, newel and spindles to divide up the staircase
  • For residential properties there are no restrictions for the length of a flight; however anything above 36 risers needs to have a 30° change of direction. Spiral and helical staircases are limited to 22 risers, but 16 is recommended.

*Please note that England, Wales & Ireland share the same legislation and Scotland has its very own guidelines.

These are just some of the minimum requirements highlighted by Government Approved Documents for building regulations, for more detailed information on staircase regulations please contact the technical sales team or call 0115 986 6321.

We’re proud of our engineering capabilities at Canal Architectural. All of our staircases and architectural work is manufactured to the highest quality technical standards. Our dedicated team are extremely knowledgeable in all health and safety requirements, we work closely with you to ensure all our elegantly designed staircases are both safe and functional.

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Call us Today

To discuss your next architectural project and to receive expert advice, please contact the Canal Architectural Team; you’ll be glad you did!

Call: +44 (0) 115 986 6321 or Email Us

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What are balustrades?

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What is a balustrade?

Balustrades are rows of small columns below a railing commonly used for staircases and balconies. Historically they play a common part in architecture featuring most predominately being revived during the Italian Renaissance period.  Traditionally made from stone, in the modern age balustrades can be made from laser cut metals, glass or stainless steel giving you design freedom.

Bespoke Balustrades

Why they are used?

Balustrades are both a design and a safety feature. They do offer additional support for handrails and railings. The range of materials that can be used for the structural columns means they also become a big design feature for a range of different building projects such as mezzanine floor edges, bridges, balconies, walkways and atriums.

Different types of Canal offer

Laser Cut Balustrades – Laser cut balustrades allow you the most creative freedom in design. Canal can fabricate any pattern into the balustrades, alongside traditional patterns to suit the decor of your property.

exterior mild steel pattern laser cut balustrade

Frameless Glass Balustrades – Frameless glass balustrades offer the unique benefit of allowing natural light to flow throughout any property. Canal manufacture each glass balustrade panel from structural laminated glass to allow us to keep the glass thickness down to a minimum.

Stainless Steel Balustrades – Stainless Steel Balustrades have become one of the most popular types of balustrades to use in homes. They offer a sense of luxury interior decor alongside being easy to maintain and requiring minimal cleaning.

Glass Balustrades – Using glass as the main material in a balustrade offers the chance for the most natural light to flow through a property. This gives the illusion of more space throughout a property, alongside being easy to clean and having a long life-span making glass a good choice for all property owners.

How they are used to improve the look of a staircase

Balustrades improve the look of a staircase by allowing you to add your own personal style to the staircase. Alongside being a great safety feature the range of materials Canal can use to fabricate a balustrade means you are guaranteed to work with us to find a style that suits your property.

Contact Canal today to discuss how we can help you design and fabricate your dream staircase.

Share on Pinterest

Call us Today

To discuss your next architectural project and to receive expert advice, please contact the Canal Architectural Team; you’ll be glad you did!

Call: +44 (0) 115 986 6321 or Email Us

Latest from the Blog

Top 5 commercial metalwork projects

At Canal Architectural we have over 30 years experience in designing bespoke metalwork solutions for the commercial sector. From high-end staircases to bespoke architectural metalwork for commercial and public spaces including offices, universities, restaurants, theatres and retail outlets. Our greatest strength lies in turning your design brief into reality and we’ve supplied some unique metalwork…